Hello World! This is Papua Speaking.
Many people in the world have been confused by the term "Papua". Most of them will automatically and quickly refer to the term "Papua" to an Independent State called Papua New Guinea.
The term "West Papua" is normally referred to the western half of the same New Guinea Island, sharing with the independent state of Papua New Guinea.
The people who live in this Second Largest Island on Earth is called either New Guinean, Papuan or Papua New Guinean, depending on who is calling, why they are calling so, and where they are calling from.
The official language of Indonesia socio-linguistic call "Papua" as the name of the Island of New Guinea, and the name of the People (nation) as well as the name of the Eastern Part of West Papua, i.e., the Province of Papua. There is also a West Papua Province of Indonesia in the western part of West Papua.
Papua New Guinea official government language and the people themselves refer to "Papua" as the Motu Speaking Region of Papua New Guinea, formerly a British (Australia) occupied territory. Whereas New Guinea is the northern part of Eastern New Guinea, formerly a German Occupied Territory. When German withdraw itself from North Eastern part of the Isle of New Guinea, then Australia occupied Eastern part and the Netherlands occupied the Western Part, which was then called Netherlands New Guinea.
The Papuan peoples ourselves identify ourselves as "Papuan peoples" by ethnic grouping, falling under the Melanesian Race, or the Black South Pacific. Others will call Papuans as Aboriginals as well. At the same time, Papuans call the Land or the Island as New Guinea Island (The Isle of New Guinea) and the Papua Soil or Papau Land.
That is for sure, Papua is not as people say it is, but it should be as what we say about who we are. We are the ones to identify ourselves, not others that differentiate us from themselves.
We go further than anthropocentric "Papua".
Papua is more than just human beings. It is also the spirit, both the collective idea and ideals as well as the spirit of our ancestors. The Papuan peoples identify ourselves as One People - One Soul, the body is one Papua and the spirit is also One Papua.